Developing Preschool Mathematical Skills

Mathematics is the science that is not easy but always necessary and everywhere. No wonder they say that mathematics is the queen of the sciences! It is wrong to assume that mathematical ability is a natural gift, and we have to accept its presence or absence. Mathematical ability, as well as the others, can and should be developed. Therefore, we must teach preschoolers not only the basics of reading, writing and arithmetic but also form so-called mathematical mindset which implies a well-developed spatial, abstract and logical thinking.

Children must be taught not only to calculate and measure, but also ratiocinate.

Education is most productive when it is in the context of practical activities and games. Games are not only fun and excitement for the child that is very important, they can help develop attention, memory, thinking, imagination. While playing, the child gets new knowledge, skills and abilities often without knowing it.

Remember that our daily life is a great basis to get mathematical knowledge from observations of the phenomena of the surrounding world. Here parents’ help is invaluable. Let your children observe various items in the surrounding world and their quantity. For example, circular plates, a square cloth, a round clock. Select the object and ask what it has: two hands, two legs, two ears, two eyes, two feet, let the child show them. Then place the cups one by one and ask how many you need to put spoons, forks, if you have dinner with 3 or 4 people. When you’ve brought home some fruit, apples and pears, ask what is more?

Let your child build 2 towers, houses, ask which is higher.

By the way, walking to the kindergarten or home can be so interesting and educational. Count the trees, flowers, people and children. When your child is drawing, ask him about the length of the pencil, compare the length. Compare all around.

Pay attention to the numbers that surround us in our everyday life such as a calendar, on the telephone, pages in the book, your house number, apartment number. Let your child play with the numbers, such games as “Dominoes”.

Ask the child what is left, what is right, what is in front of him or behind. Sing mathematical songs.

Thus, sacrificing a small amount of time, you can quicken the child’s interest in many mathematical concepts, promote their better learning, supporting and developing interest in mathematics.